Age Related Macular Degeneration

What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a condition that can affect the eyes of people over the age of 55 years, causing distortion and blurring of the central part of the vision.

It affects the macula, which is the central part of the retina, which is the structure of the eye that processes the visual information.
AMD is the leading cause of blindness in patients over the age of 55 in the Western World. Its incidence increases with age.
There are 2 types of macular degeneration: the “Dry” type and the “Wet” type.

“Dry” AMD
The “Dry” type is by far the most common, accounting for 90% of patients with AMD. It causes a gradual reduction in vision, the end-stage being Geographic Atrophy, where central vision is significantly affected. There is currently no approved FDA treatment for this condition.

“Wet” AMD
The “Wet” type is less common accounting for only 10% of AMD cases, however it causes the most damage to the central retina. In this form, new blood vessels grow under the retina, which can bleed or leak proteins and fluid causing significant damage and therefore reducing vision. The end-stage of this process is a large central macular scar – Disciform Scar.