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See all Dr. Adrian Rubinstein Publications.

Dr Adrian Rubinstein has a special interest in cataract surgery, diseases of the retina and vitreoretinal surgery, particularly the treatment of diabetic eye problems and age related macular degeneration.

He studied medicine at the University of Costa Rica (UCR) and was subsequently offered a place on the prestigious Ophthalmology residency programme at the University of Oxford, England.
This seven and a half-year residency programme provides world class training in all the subspecialities of ophthalmology, including cataract and refractive surgery, medical retina, vitreoretinal surgery, paediatric ophthalmology, glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology, anterior segment disease and oculoplastic surgery.

He completed his residency programme and is Board Certified as an Ophthalmic Surgeon in the United Kingdom and Costa Rica.

He then completed a further two and a half years of subspecialty training in Vitreo-retinal surgery and medical retina with a special emphasis on the management and treatment of diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.

Dr Rubinstein has successfully performed over 2000 cataract surgery procedures (phacoemulsification) and given over 1000 intravitreal injections for age related macular degeneration and other retinal problems problems.

He has also published widely in peer reviewed Ophthalmology journals and has been an invited speaker at national and international meetings.


1- Casson R, James B, Rubinstein A, Ali H
Clinical comparison of Frequency Doubling Technology and Humphrey Perimetry.
Br J Ophthalmol. 2001 Mar;85(3):360-2

2- Kafil-Hussein N, Moore S, Rubinstein A, Benjamin L, Bates R.
Pseudo-Terson’s Syndrome. Bilateral simultaneous retinal detachments.
Eye. 2004 Jan;18(1):90-91

3- Akram I, Rubinstein A, Benjamin L
Painless Acanthamoeba Keratitis.
Optometry Today. May 2004

4- Rubinstein A, Riddell CE, Kafil-Hussain N, Assaf A.
Self-Inserted Intraorbital Foreign Bodies.
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005 Mar;21(2):156-7

5- Akram I, Rubinstein A.
Common retinal signs. An overview.
Optometry today. Jan 2005

6- Rubinstein A, Riddell CE, Akram I, Ahmado A, Benjamin L.
Orbital emphysema leading to blindness after functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Oct;123(10):1452.

7- Rubinstein A, Benjamin L.
Management of orbital compartment syndrome -- Reply. Arch Ophthalmol 2007 Mar;125(3):434

8- Rubinstein A, Riddell CE.
Posterior Scleritis mimicking Orbital Cellulitis.
Eye. 2005 Nov;19:1232-33.

9- Rubinstein A, Shaikh A, Benjamin L, Bates R.
Iatrogenic Eccentric full thickness macular holes following vitrectomy with ILM peeling for Idiopathic Macular Holes.
Eye. 2005 Dec;19:1333-35.

10- Rubinstein A, Chen SDM, Fletcher EC, Hundal K, Downes SM
Carotid artery stenosis associated with a prepapillary loop and a branch retinal artery occlusion. Eye. 2006 Feb;20(2):257-8

11- Rubinstein A, Hanson R, Chen SDM, Porter N, Downes SM
Conjunctival ischaemia subsequent to posterior subtenon’s triamcinolone acetonide injection.
Eye. 2006 Mar;20(3):388-89

12- Rubinstein A, Porter N, Chen SDM, Fletcher EC, Downes SM.
Tailoring Pan-Retinal Photocoagulation for the hemianopic patient.
Eye. 2006 Mar;20(3):396-97

13- Tan MH, Chen SDM, Rubinstein A, Bron AJ.
Corneal perforation due to peripheral ulcerative keratitis associated with Crohn’s disease.
Cornea 2006 Jun;25(5):628-30.

14- Hanson R, Rubinstein A, Sarangapani S, Benjamin L, Patel CK
The effect of lens epithelial cell aspiration on post-operative capsulorrhexis contraction with the use of the AcrySof intraocular lens: a randomised clinical trial.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 2006 Oct;32(10):1621-6.

15- Rubinstein A, Salmon JF.
Late traumatic scleral flap dehiscence following trabeculectomy.
Eye 2007;21:145-6

16- Rubinstein A, Bates R.
Secondary paracentral retinal holes following internal limiting membrane removal.
Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:844-5

17- Desai A, Rubinstein A, Parulekar M, Reginald A, Tanner V.
Feasibility of day-case vitreoretinal surgery.
Eye 2008 Feb;22(2):169-72

18- Ah-Chan JJ, Rubinstein A, Patel CK.
Anterior subtenons anaesthesia for the treatment of ROP.
J Pediatr Opthalmol Strabismus 2008 May-Jun;45(3):186-8

19- Rubinstein A, Ang A, Patel CK.
Vitrectomy without postoperative posturing for idiopathic macular holes.
Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 2007;35(5):458-61

20- Pringle E, Chen SDM, Rubinstein A, Patel CK, Downes SM.
Optical coherence tomography in retinal cavernous haemangioma may explain the mechanism of vitreous haemorrhage.
Eye 2009 May;23(5):1242-3.


San Josť, Costa Rica, CIMA Hospital, Tower 3, Office 221